Solomon Fuller was among the first black key players in the development of psychiatry. Fuller was known for his research on dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease. He also worked as an associate professor at Boston University School of Medicine for more than 30 years.
Fuller was born in Monrovia, Liberia, in 1872. However, his family had American roots. His grandfather, John Lewis Fuller, was a slave in Virginia who had been able to buy his freedom and move his family to Liberia. Solomon’s father worked as a coffee planter and as an official in the Liberian government.
At the age of 17, Fuller left Liberia to attend Livingstone College in North Carolina. He graduated in 1893, he began studying medicine at Long Island College Hospital. He later transferred to the Boston University School of Medicine.
In 1897, Fuller received his degree in medicine; he interned in the pathology lab at Westborough State Hospital Massachusetts. After two years, he was promoted to the position of pathologist, which he held for the next 22 years.
Fuller faced discrimination in the medical field in the form of unequal salaries and underemployment. His work often involved performing autopsies, an unusual procedure for that era. However, his duties help lead him to medical discoveries about the human anatomy.
He later became a member of the medical faculty at Boston University School of Medicine, where he served as an associate professor. Fuller died in 1974.