1. Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman was an African-American abolitionist and humanitarian. During the American Civil War, she was a Union spy. Tubman was born into slavery and later escaped, after which she participated in as many as 13 missions to rescue approximately 70 enslaved families and friends using the Underground Railroad.
2. Bessie Coleman
Coleman was a daring stunt pilot who was the first Black woman in the world to earn a pilot’s license.
3. Barbara Jordan
Jordan was a congresswoman from Texas. She was the first African-American woman to deliver the keynote address at the Democratic National Convention.
4. Rosa Parks
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an African American civil rights activist. She has been referred to as “the first lady of civil rights” and “the mother of the freedom movement.” Her refusal to give up her seat sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955.
5. Dorothy Height
Height was the president of the National Council of Negro Women for 40 years, She was one of the top seven leaders of the modern civil rights movement.
6. Mae Jemison
Jemison is a physician and astronaut. She was the first African-American woman in space.
7. Condoleeza Rice
Rice is the first African-American woman to become Secretary of State.
8. Toni Morrison
Morrison is the first black woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature. Her novels include The Bluest Eye, Song of Solomon, and the Pulitzer Prize-winning Beloved.
9. Michelle Obama
Mrs. Obama is the first black First Lady. She continues her work with a program to decrease childhood obesity.
10. Mary Eliza Church Terrell
Terrell was one of the first African-American women to earn a college degree. She founded what is now known as the National Association of University Women and was a founding member of the NAACP.
11. Ida B. Wells
Wells was a civil rights activist, suffragist, journalist, and newspaper editor who crusaded against lynching.